There are many different types of cells in the human body. Many of which you may have learned about in Biology class in high school, but you might not remember most of those. We are here to break down the major cells in the body for you to learn a little more today.
All cells make up the tissues and organs in our bodies. These cells come in all different shapes and sizes and are the basic unit of all living organisms. All cells are dependent on one another whether they indirectly or directly impact each other. Below we listed different cells in the human body and tell you what each is responsible for in your body.
Types of Cells
Also known as neurons, these are the basic unit of the nervous system transmitting information throughout your body. Nerve cells transmit signals as little electrical signals and nerve impulses throughout your body. These electrical signals are sent through the brain, spinal cord, and organs. They are to warn you or inform you of what is happening throughout your body. Imagine when you sprain an ankle the pain you feel – that pain is sent through a line of nerves to inform you of the injury.
Cartilage cells are all over the body forming a firm tissue essential to the structure of your body. Cartilage is a firm tissue found in between bones, in your ears and nose, and even between the vertebrae of your spinal cord. However, because there are no blood vessels in cartilage this tissue repairs much slower than most and nutrients are diffused from surrounding tissue. However, without cartilage much of the body would not be bendable and flexible.
One of the strongest cells in the body bone cells are connected through calcium and phosphate. These give your body strength and support in its skeletal system. There are many different types of bone cells in the body: Osteoclasts, Osteoblasts, and Osteocytes. Each cell plays a different part in the body and performs a different task. Osteoclasts aid in bone resorption releasing enzymes and acids to help the process of breaking down bones. Osteoblasts help form new bones by managing bone mineralization. Osteoblast cells form osteocytes which are found in the bone. These cells produce growth on the bone in response to strain and help keep calcium balanced. Without bone cells you wouldn’t have your skeletal system.
These cells form muscle tissue which is necessary for body movements. There are multiple types of muscle tissues such as skeletal muscle tissue and cardiac muscle tissue. Skeletal muscle tissue enables voluntary movement by attaching to bones and tendons. These cells support muscle fiber bundles and can reach up to 30 cm in length. Cardiac muscle cells are a part of the most important muscle tissue in the body – the heart. These cells contract in harmony to create the contractions of the heart. There are also smooth muscle cells for the contractions in multiple organs. Smooth muscles cells are responsible for contractions in the bladder, lungs, and other parts of the body such as the digestive system.
Blood cells are of course very important for our body! They transport oxygen through the body, fight infections, and are critical to our body. There are different types of blood cells in the body such as red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Each of these cells perform a different task in the bloodstream. Red blood cells carry oxygen through the body while white blood cells fight off diseases and illnesses. Platelets clot the blood to prevent too much blood loss. For example when you cut your finger platelets come together to stop the cut from bleeding. Each of these three cells are produced through bone marrow.
Fat cells are also known as adipocytes. Adipocytes contain triglycerides (stored fat) used for energy. When storing fat these cells swell and become round; however, when the fat is being used the cells shrink down. These fat cells also have an endocrine function to them. They influence multiple hormones for your metabolism, sex drive, blood pressure and clotting, and cell signaling – just to name a few.
Your skin is made of multiple layers of skin cells including epithelial and connective tissue, along with a subcutaneous layer. The outermost layer is made of many different types of cells packed tightly together. These cells include: Keratinocytes, Merkel cells, Langerhans cells, and Melanocytes. As you may be able to guess Keratinocytes produce keratin proteins, which block your body from toxins. Merkel cells are what give you the ability to feel when you touch an item. Langerhans cells are antigens for the skin. If there is a cut that becomes infected these cells fight that infection for your body. Melanocytes produce the melanin giving your skin its color.
Your skin is the largest organ in your body. It protects you from dehydration, germs, damage, and stores fats and vitamins within.
Sex cells, also called gametes, are reproductive cells produced in the male and female reproductive organs. Male sex cells, sperm, are long and mobile with a tail-like extension. The look of these cells is to that they have a head, a midsection, and a tail that propels them. The head of sperm contain DNA and are covered with enzymes to penetrate the ova. Female sex cells, eggs or ova, are non-moving cells and are large in comparison to sperm. Ova are produced in the body during embryonic stages. During fertilization ova and sperm cells unite to form a new being.
Our specialty, stem cells. These cells are unique to the body as they begin unspecialized and can develop into specialized cells. Once stem cells become specialized they work with specific organs and tissues – often repairing or replacing old tissue in the body. Stem cells repair tissue by dividing and duplicating multiple times. There are multiple types of stem cells – embryonic and adult. At Seattle Stem Cell Center we repair your body with its own stem cells from fat. Stem cells are able to treat multiple diseases, tissue repairs, and transplants.
In conclusion, there are a multitude of cells that connect our bodies and make them work. Here we have just listed 9 different types of cells in your body, and one of the most important – stem cells. There are many different ways in which stem cells benefit your body. If you have any questions check out our FAQ page or contact us. We are here to help you and answer any questions you may have! If you want to begin your stem cell procedure as soon as possible fill out the Health Intake Form. With the holistic approach we enable you to have a better quality of life.